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Mercury (Hg) properties


Atomic mass, symbol and atomic number

mercury is a naturally occurring element with the element symbol Hg and the atomic number 80. In the periodic table it stands with an atomic mass of 200.59 u in the 2nd subgroup. The chemical element is non-radioactive and is in a liquid state at room temperature.

Profile: Mercury (Mercury)

General
Chemical element:mercury
Symbol:hg
Atomic number:80
Group:zinc group
Period:6
Block:d-block
Series:Transition metals
Appearance:silver
explorers:
Year of discovery:primeval
Atomic properties
Atomic mass:200.59 u
Atomic radius:150 pm
Covalent radius:132 pm
Van der Waals radius:155 pm
Electron configuration:Xe 4f14 5d10 6s2
ionization:1007.1 kJ / mol
Physical Properties
Physical state:liquid
Density:???
Crystal structure:/
Magnetism:diamagnetic
molar volume:14,09 · 10-6 m3/ mol
Mohs hardness:/
Melting point:-38.83 ° C
Boiling point:357 ° C
Heat of fusion:2.29 kJ / mol
Heat of vaporization:???
Thermal conductivity:8.3 W
Chemical properties
electronegativity:2,0

Did you know that ...

  • Mercury is the only metal that assumes a fluid state of aggregation at room temperature?
  • Already in antiquity experimented with mercury and used it despite his (unknown) toxicity as a drug?
  • Mercury is no longer used in thermometers because of its toxicity nowadays?
  • amalgam-containing dental fillings made from a mercury alloy?
  • Mercury from Cinnabarit (cinnabar) is obtained?